Skip to main content
Fig. 3 | Swiss Journal of Geosciences

Fig. 3

From: Evolutionary history of hoofed mammals during the Oligocene–Miocene transition in Western Europe

Fig. 3Fig. 3

Temporal ranges of ungulate genera from MP25 (Arvernian) to MN4 (Orleanian) and evolution of the diversity trends (faunal balance, genus/species richness, origination/extinction curves, survivorship poly-cohort [%]) through time. a Bunodont cetartiodactyls; b Selenodont cetartiodactyls; c Perissodactyls (data from Online Resources 1–2). ELMA is for European Land Mammal Ages, and the dashed lines in the Mammal L/Z (Level/Zone) column correspond to the supposed boundaries delimiting the ranges of the Oligocene localities referred to a given European Mammalian Reference Level (according to Luterbacher et al. 2004). The bold dashed lines of the temporal ranges illustrate supposed/uncertain occurrences of a genus. The FAD and LAD of each genus are precised when not comprised in the time spanned (before MP25 or after MN4)

Back to article page