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Table 2 Facies description and depositional setting interpretation

From: Evolution of a Late Oxfordian: early Kimmeridgian carbonate platform, French Jura Mountains

Facies Stratification and sedimentary structures Textures and components Depositional settings
Association 1
 F1.1 Mudstone with marly intercalations Dm-thick beds with cm-thick marly intercalations. Common bioturbation (Chondrites and Thalassinoides) Mudstone (wackestone). Sparse fauna with echinoderms, undifferentiated bivalves, foraminifera (Lenticulina and Epistomina), siliceous sponge spicules, ostracods, and ammonites Lower offshore Outer shelf
 F1.2 Mudstone with thin bioclastic intervals Dm-thick beds. Planar lamination, mm- to cm-thick laminae with quartz grains and bioclasts. Common bioturbation (Chondrites and Thalassinoides) Mudstone (wackestone). Low diversified fauna with foraminifera (Lenticulina, Epistomina), siliceous sponge spicules, ostracods, and ammonites Lower to upper offshore transition
Association 2
 F2.1 Oncoid packstone Dm-thick beds. Common (undifferentiated) bioturbation Packstone. Abundant oncoids rich in nubecularids (types 2 and 3 of Olivier et al. 2011). Common echinoderms. Some bivalves, gastropods, brachiopods, ostracods, foraminifera (agglutinated, nodosarids, miliolids), serpulids, siliceous sponge spicules (rhaxes), and corals Upper offshore
 F2.2 Coral-microbialite bioconstructions Biostromal (dm-scale thick) or biohermal (m-scale thick) bioconstructions Boundstone. Corals (mainly Enallhelia, Dimorpharaea and Thamnasteria) and microbialites (thrombolites and leiolites; cf. Olivier et al. 2011). Siliceous and calcareous sponges, nubecularids, bryozoans and serpulids
 F2.3 Oncoid marls Cm- to dm-thick intervals. Common (undifferentiated) bioturbation Packstone with abundant large oncoids (types 5 and 6 of Olivier et al. 2011). Abundant bivalves. Some echinoderms, ostracods, brachiopods, serpulids, foraminifera (nodosariids, Spirillina, miliolids, and agglutinated), siliceous sponge spicules (rhaxes), and corals
 F2.4 Bioclastic wackestone Dm- to m-thick beds. Intense bioturbation Wackestone (mudstone). Common bivalves, ostracods and siliceous sponge spicules (rhaxes). Some bivalves, echinoderms, and brachiopods. Rare gastropods, agglutinated foraminifera, miliolids, and serpulids
Association 3
 F3.1 Ooid grainstone Massive (pluri-m thick) beds. Well sorted ooids. Cross bedding (herringbone cross-stratification) and planar lamination Grainstone (packstone). Ooids (types 1 and 3 of Strasser 1986), micritic intraclasts and peloids. Common echinoderms, brachiopods, and bivalves. Some brachiopods and agglutinated foraminifera. Rare Nautiloculina, Lenticulina, miliolids, ostracods, bryozoans, serpulids and corals Ooid shoals Shoal complex Shoreface (tide dominated)
 F3.2 Ooid-bioclastic grainstone Massive (pluri-m thick) beds. Grains moderately sorted. Cross bedding Grainstone. Ooids (types 3 and 4 of Strasser 1986). Common aggregates, intraclasts and peloids. Abundant crinoids and bivalves. Common serpulids. Some foraminifera (miliolids), bryozoans, gastropods, brachiopods, and Cayeuxia Seaward shoal bars
 F3.3 Peloid-intraclastic packstone Dm-thick beds. Cross bedding Packstone. Abundant intraclasts and peloids. Common aggregates and Lithocodium-Bacinella oncoids (types 3 and 4 of Védrine et al. 2007). Abundant coral fragments, echinoderms, bivalves, gastropods, and agglutinated foraminifera. Some brachiopods, serpulids, and bryozoans. Rare miliolids, Nautiloculina and Lenticulina Inter shoal channels
 F3.4 Coral reefs M-scale coral patch reefs Boundstone. Corals (mainly Thamnasteria, Isastrea, Microsolena) are the dominant element. Microbialites are mainly represented by leiolites Intra shoal patch reefs
Association 4
 F4.1 Peloid-oncoid packstone Dm-thick beds. Bioturbation is present Packstones. Peloids and oncoids (made of Lithocodium and Troglotella). Common intraclasts and aggregates. Sparse ooids. Abundant foraminifera (miliolids, agglutinated). Common ostracods. Some echinoderms, brachiopods, bivalves, gastropods, and corals. Rare Nautiloculina, Lenticulina, siliceous sponge spicules (rhaxes), serpulids, and bryozoans Back shoal Shoreface (tide dominated)
 F4.2 Peloid-oncoid packstone with stromatoporoids Dm- to m-thick beds. Bioturbation is present Packstone (wackestone) with abundant peloids. Common large oncoids (with a cortex made of Lithocodium, Bacinella, and Troglotella). Common stromatoporoids (Cladocoropsis) encrusted by Thaumatoporella (local bioconstructions?). Some foraminifera (miliolids, textulariidae, Nautiloculina, Lenticulina), echinoderms. Rare gastropods, brachiopods, ostracods, and corals
 F4.3 Peloid grainstone Dm-thick beds. Well-sorted peloids. Planar and (low angle) oblique laminations. Some gypsum pseudomorphs and fenestrae Grainstone. Peloids, some intraclasts, bivalves, echinoderms, foraminifera (agglutinated, miliolids, Nautiloculina). Rare gastropods, Lenticulina, and ostracods Back shoal bars
 F4.4 Bioturbated mudstone Dm-thick beds. Intercalations of cm-thick packstone beds (intraclasts and peloids). Intense bioturbation Mudstone (wackestone, packstone). Common ostracods, agglutinated foraminifera, bivalves, siliceous sponge spicules (rhaxes), and echinoderms. Rare gastropods, brachiopods, and foraminifera (miliolids, textulariidae, and Lenticulina) Interior platform
 F4.5 Bioclastic (marly) packstone Dm- to m-thick limestone of marly limestone beds. Bioturbation (Thalassinoides) is present Packstone (grainstone). Common intraclasts, aggregates, cortoids, peloids. Rare ooids. Common bivalves, echinoderms, gastropods, brachiopods, agglutinated foraminifera. Bivalves (Trichites, Pholadomya, Lucina), brachiopods (Terebratula), and gastropods (Harpagodes) in life position with complete shells. Some siliceous sponge spicules (rhaxes), foraminifera (Lenticulina, Nautiloculina, Molherina, textulariidae, miliolids), and ostracods. Rare bryozoans and serpulids Shoreface (wave dominated)
Association 5
 F5.1 Biolaminites Finely laminated with biofilm laminae and dinosaur tracks. Common mud cracks, ripples, and fenestrae Dolomudstone. Some peloids and intraclasts. Rare foraminifera (Lenticulina, Nautiloculina, and agglutinated), and gastropods (Cariou et al. 2014) Tidal flat
 F5.2 Sublithographic limestone Finely laminated (biofilms?). Some desiccation cracks and rare fenestrae. Bioturbation is common Mudstone. Common peloids. Rare gastropods and foraminifera (miliolids, agglutinated, and Lenticulina)
 F5.3 Black pebble limestone Cm- to dm-thick beds. Common fenestrae, erosive surface with some (normally gradded) conglomerate Grainstone (packstone) with abundant black pebbles. Abundant charophytes, some fragments of corals, stromatoporoids, and echinoderms (Bernier 1984)