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Table 2 Chemical composition in atmospheric deposition

From: Rocks control the chemical composition of surface water from the high Alpine Zermatt area (Swiss Alps)

Location Region Type Source pH Na K Ca Mg NH4 Cl SO4 NO3 TDS
Gornergrat Zermatt Snow This study 5.65 0.08 0.07 0.38 0.05 n.a. 0.05 b.d. 0.46 1.63
Täsch valley Zermatt Rain Bühring (2008) 5.47 0.24 0.06 0.67 0.05 1.06 0.17 1.52 3.59 7.81
Fieschergletschera Bernese Alps Ice core Jenk (2006) n.a. 0.02 0.01 0.13 0.01 0.14 0.03 0.7 0.36 1.4
Fieschergletscherb Bernese Alps Ice core Eichler et al. (2004) n.a. 0.01 0.01 0.09 0.01 0.09 0.03 0.38 0.15 0.78
Grenzgletscherb Zermatt Ice core Eichler et al. (2004) n.a. 0.03 0.02 0.1 0.01 0.08 0.05 0.37 0.27 0.92
Col du Dononc E France Snow Colin et al. (1989) 3.51 0.02 0.11 0.26 0.29 0.13 0.06 0.24 0.28 1.39
Col du Dononc E France Rain Colin et al. (1989) 4.8 0.16 0.04 0.15 0.02 0.32 0.31 0.7 0.54 2.24
Lausanned W Switzerland Rain Atteia (1994) n.a. 0.17 0.25 0.77 0.05 n.a. 0.48 0.72 0.43 2.87
Lausanned W Switzerland Snow Atteia (1994) n.a. 0.38 0.19 0.54 0.03 n.a. 0.94 0.35 0.41 2.84
Freiburg SW Germany Rain This study 5.27 0.02 0.06 0.52 0 0.34 0.1 0.61 1.25 3.47
“Initial water” used in the inverse models of this studye 5.53 0.18 0.06 0.57 0.05 0.68 0.13 0.98 2.48 5.62
  1. Composition in mg L−1
  2. n.a. not available, b.d. below detection limit
  3. aAverage data from 1960 to 1990
  4. bAverage data from 1945 to 1983
  5. cAverage data from April to May, 1985
  6. dAverage data from 1990 to 1991
  7. eCalculated data, see text