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Table 7 Normalized steepness ksn values of tributary basins and extent to which the knickzones have propagated toward the headwaters

From: Differential erosion and sediment fluxes in the Landquart basin and possible relationships to lithology and tectonic controls

   Ksn Upstream/downstream ksn increase factor Knickzone elevation (m) Relative KZ distance propagation (distance towards upstream) (%) Relative KZ relief propagation (relative vertical prop.) (%) Ks θ Ks (all > 1 km2) θ (all > 1 km2)
Taschinasbach Upstream (up) 138 1.7 1530 85 70 3E+04 0.8 33 0.34
Downstream (down) 238 5E+02 0.5
Schraubach Up 145 1.5 1544 81 65 0.4 0.0 63 0.39
Down 216 2.9E+06 1.0
Schanielabach Up 103 2.4 1196 29 29 13 0.32 3 0.22
Down 252 100 0.08
Schlappinbach Up 116 3.2 1591 28 39 99 0.4 1 0.20
Down 370 5E+20 2.8
Verstanclabach Up 149 1.9 1551 11 16 76 0.4 42 0.36
Down 283 6E+23 3.3
Vernelabach Up 91 3.7 1871 32 38 5 0.3 0 0.00
Down 335 1E+21 2.9
Stützbach Up 138 1.3 1410 29 20 137 0.4 62 0.40
Down 183 7E+15 2.3
Arieschbach Up 136 2.3 1653 63 64 1 0.1 4 0.20
Down 306 3E+03 0.6
Furnerbach Up 134 1.4 1894 87 79 0.1 0.0 140 0.44
Down 188 4E+03 0.6
Schranggabach Up 123 n.a. n.a. 100 100 11 0.3 11 0.30
  1. The table also shows the Ks and θ values (Eq. 2) that have been determined based on the relationships between slope and upstream size of the drainage basin without normalization. These values are displayed for the sake of completeness